Wednesday, October 19, 2016

Proof for God's Existence - A Modified Cosmological Argument

The original formulation of the Cosmological argument starts, “Everything that exists has a cause.” It has been pointed out that if God exists, then according to this statement God must have a cause. But, since God has always existed, an alternative argument has been proposed. William Lane Craig calls this the Kalām Cosmological Argument.[1] It goes like this:

1) Everything that begins to exist has a cause;
2) The universe began to exist;

3) Therefore:
 The universe has a cause.

Notice the difference between the Kalām Cosmological Argument and the original Cosmological Argument. The modified argument postulates, “Everything that begins to exist has a cause.” The universe has a cause because it began to exist. God does not need a cause, because He has always existed.

It can be demonstrated scientifically that the universe has a beginning (known as the Big Bang). The second law of thermodynamics tells us “things left to themselves tend towards disorder.” In a closed system (like the universe), the total amount of usable energy is decreasing. This is why a perpetual motion machine is impossible. The total amount of energy in the universe will eventually run out. In billions of years, our sun will run out of energy and become a cold, dark ball. The fact that the sun is shining proves that the universe had a beginning.

Entropy is a fact of life. The universe moves irresistibly towards disorder. My body is wearing out. Unless I force my son to clean his room, it continually gets messier. The AA batteries in my flashlight stop working. Since the universe moves towards disorder, the fact that there is order in the universe today proves the universe had a beginning.

The universe has a beginning; therefore it must have a cause. But, by definition, God does not have a beginning. Since He has always existed, He never began to exist, thus He needs no cause.

The beauty of arguing that God is the Uncaused Cause is that He really is the only answer to the question, “Where did it all come from?” God is infinite. He is outside the known universe, outside of time and space. He exists and He has always existed. He is the only answer to the question that gives any satisfaction.

If there is a Cause that created the universe, what would that Cause be like?

Let’s think about this Uncaused Cause that we call God. If God caused everything to come into being, what would He be like?

Craig argues:
4 ) If the universe has a cause, then an uncaused, personal Creator of the universe exists, who unlike the universe is beginningless, changeless, immaterial, timeless, spaceless and enormously powerful.
5) Therefore:
 An uncaused, personal Creator of the universe exists, who unlike the universe is beginningless, changeless, immaterial, timeless, spaceless and enormously powerful.

1. The cause of the universe must transcend the universe.
2. The cause of all matter must be immaterial itself.
3. The cause of all space must be nonphysical.
4. The cause of all time must be timeless.
5. The cause of energy must be infinitely powerful.
6. The cause of all meaning must be personal in nature.

These facts give us a God who is transcendent, immaterial, nonphysical, timeless, infinitely powerful, and personal. Craig writes, “This, as Thomas Aquinas was wont to remark, is what everybody means by ‘God.’”

When we ask, “Who created God?” He might answer us as He answered Moses at the burning bush, “I AM” (Exodus 3:14). God is the great “I AM.” Eternally present, uncreated, and always here. Jesus clamed the same present tense title when he said, “Before Abraham ever was, I AM” (John 8:58).

[1] Craig bases his idea on the work of the 11th-century philosopher Al-Ghazali who was a proponent of Ilm al-Kalam, the “science of discourse” in Arabic thought.