What are objective moral values?
An objective moral value is a moral value that is true regardless of whether a human believes it is true or not.
There is a difference between a subjective opinion and an objective fact. A subjective opinion is true for one person but may not be true for another person. For example, if someone says, “steak is the best food in the world,” he is expressing a subjective opinion because another person may feel that sushi is better. But, the idea that “steak is made out of meat” is an objective fact that can be proved. By definition, if steak is not made out of meat, it is not steak.
It is widely believed that Hitler was wrong to murder Jews during the Holocaust. His actions would still be wrong even if he had won World War II and convinced the whole world that his actions were right. In today’s culture of moral relativism, it is possible to rationalize almost anything, even genocide. But, the attempt to rationalize still does not change the objective fact that mass murder of a people is wrong. Craig says, “An objective moral value is binding and valid whether people believe in them or not.”
Craig writes, “If God does not exist, then objective moral values do not exist.” Those who do not believe in God have no basis upon which to determine right from wrong. If there is no God, the words “right” and “wrong” have no objective meaning. They simply mean, “I like it” or “I don’t like it” or “Society likes it” or “Society does not like it.” In a godless world, “right” and “wrong” are opinions, nothing more.
If there is no God, morality is just a subjective product of Darwinian evolution. Different people have different morals and no set of morals is right or wrong. If morals are relative, no one gets to say that anyone else’s morals are wrong simply because they disagree with them.
There are two possible positions concerning the existence of this world. The first is a belief in the personal Creator-God of the Bible. The second is an impersonal belief that random chance produced the universe. To believe in God gives one a sense of meaning. God is the source of morals. God is the source of purpose. To deny the existence of God leaves one without a basis for judging right and wrong.